Periodontal disease, which is also referred to as gum disease and periodontitis, is a type of progressive condition and considered the top cause of tooth loss in adults. This condition occurs when toxins found in plaque start to inflame or irritate a person’s gum tissue. The bacterial infection this causes is referred to as gingivitis, which, if untreated, can destroy the gum tissue and the underlying bone.
Gum disease is serious and if it isn’t treated in a timely manner, it can lead to a number of serious conditions. Getting to know the signs and symptoms of this condition can help a person know when it is time to seek professional care.
Bleeding while a person is flossing, brushing or even eating is one of the most common symptoms of periodontal infection. In this situation, the toxins present in the plaque on teeth result in a bacterial infection. This results in the tissues being more susceptible to bleeding.
Swelling, Redness, and Pain
Another sign of periodontal disease is if the gums appear red, swollen or if they are painful for no clear reason. It is important to seek treatment to stop the infection before the jaw bone is affected. Also, if treatment isn’t sought, the infection may move into the bloodstream and other parts of the body.
Teeth that Appear to be Longer
Gum recession is yet another issue that may arise when a person has periodontal disease. The toxins from bacterial begin to destroy the supporting bones and tissues. This makes the teeth appear longer, but they really aren’t, the gum line has just begun to move.
If pus is present near and between the teeth, then this is a sign that an infection is present. The pus occurs as the body tries to fight off the infection.
Being informed is the best way to prevent periodontal disease and seek treatment if an infection occurs. If help is needed, then a person can contact the office of Anthony M. Perrino DDS. Here they can receive a full dental evaluation and receive treatment for any issues they may be experiencing, including periodontal disease.